Police said a large group of men, some dressed in police uniforms, and with assault rifles, stopped a convoy of cars in which the women were travelling along with their families in the district of Paghman, just outside Kabul, last month.
They dragged four women out of the cars in the middle of the night and raped them in the field near the main road. One of them was pregnant. The victims were also beaten and their jewellery and mobile phones stolen.
Crimes against women are common but mostly take place inside homes in Afghanistan’s conservative society. But a gang rape by armed men is rare in Kabul and has tapped into a vein of anxiety as foreign troops leave the country and a badly stretched Afghan army and police fight a deadly Taliban insurgency.
Judge Safihullah Mujadidi in a summary trial, televised nationwide, convicted the men of armed robbery and sexual assault.
“Based on criminal law these individuals are sentenced to the severest punishment which is death sentence,” he said.
The men stood before him in a heavily guarded courtroom. Outside dozens of activists gathered demanding speedy justice to instil public confidence in law and order.
“This kind of gang rape is unprecedented in Kabul,” Kabul police chief General Zahir earlier said in his testimony seeking summary punishment for the men.
The assault has led to such outpouring of rage that President Hamid Karzai told a delegation of women last week that the perpetrators would face the death penalty.
The men can appeal Sunday’s verdict in a higher court. Karzai has to ratify the executions under Afghan law.
“If this act goes unpunished, the women of Afghanistan will continue to be victims,” said Uma Saeed, a rights activist. “This is really very significant moment, I would say, even maybe in the history of Karzai’s government.” -Reuters