It was an auspicious debut for the company, founded by Jack Ma in his apartment in 1999, which now accounts for 80 percent of online sales in China.
About a hundred people gathered outside the New York Stock Exchange at Wall and Broad Streets, many of them Chinese tourists with cameras, cheered when Ma exited the building.
The stock opened at $92.70 shortly before noon ET (1600 GMT) and quickly rose to a high of $99.70 in active trading. More than 100 million shares changed hands in composite trading in the first 10 minutes of trading. As of 12:50 pm ET, shares were up 33 percent to $90.50.
“This is the most anticipated event I’ve ever seen in my 20-year career on the floor of the NYSE. I think today’s move is sustainable: The company is profitable, unlike some of its competitors, and it is a way for traders to tap into the Chinese growth story,” said Mark Otto, partner with J. Streicher & Co, who trades on the NYSE floor.
The pricing of the IPO on Thursday initially raised $21.8 billion for the Chinese e-commerce company. Scott Cutler, head of the New York Stock Exchange’s global listing business, told CNBC that underwriters would exercise their option for an additional 48 million shares, to bring the IPO’s size to about $25 billion, making it the largest initial public offering in history.
Alibaba is nearly unknown to most Americans but is ubiquitous in China, where it is responsible for 80 percent of online sales. The company earned $3.7 billion in the 12 months ended March 31, 2014, up about $2 billion from the prior 12-month period.
The sale values the company at about $168 billion, more than American icons such as Walt Disney Co and Coca-Cola Co. Should the stock close at $90 on its first day, it would be worth about $222 billion, nearly the value of Procter & Gamble Co.
With the big first-day gain, investors hoping for more may be disappointed. At a price of about $90.50 a share, the stock is valued at 38 times its estimated earnings per share for its current fiscal year, which will end in March 2015. That is roughly in line with Facebook’s valuation of 39 times forward earnings but nowhere near the lofty valuation of Amazon.com’s multiple of 264, according to Thomson Reuters Starmine data.
“The question is if it becomes dead money for the next six months,” said one fund manager. “Will it just trade at $93 and stay flat?”
Ma, a former English teacher, boasts a personal fortune of more than $14 billion on paper, vaulting him into the ranks of such tech billionaires as Bill Gates and Jeff Bezos. The deal is also expected to make millionaires out of a substantial chunk of the company’s managers, software engineers and other staff.
The rise in the stock exceeds the average gain by new IPOs on U.S. exchanges of late. In the second quarter, the average first-day gain was 9.2 percent, according to Renaissance Capital IPO Intelligence. Underwriters usually aim for a gain of 10 percent to 15 percent on the first day.
Demand was intense among the retail investor crowd. J.J. Kinahan, chief market strategist at retail brokerage TD Ameritrade Holding Corp, said the company received customer orders amounting to about 70 percent of what it saw for Facebook, and about three times the customer orders it had for Twitter’s IPO.
With underwriters electing to sell more shares, the company’s initial public offering becomes the largest in history, surpassing Agricultural Bank of China Ltd’s $22.1 billion listing in 2010.
Alibaba Group’s orange banners were festooned around the exchange, with its logo on NYSE computer screens. Ma watched several long-time customers ring the opening bell at 9:30 a.m. ET.
“I don’t want disappointed shareholders, I want to make sure they make money,” Ma said of the pricing, on CNBC, adding that he worries most when customers are happy.
NYSE held extensive tests to ensure it would be able to handle heavy trading volume. A call on Friday with periodic updates on order matching and trading continued until about noon ET.
“We’ve had a lot of major IPOs, and when you have one it’s always the biggest until the next biggest one comes along,” said Ted Weisberg, floor trader with Seaport Securities in New York, who has been a member of the NYSE for 45 years.
The deal allows cornerstone Alibaba investors such as Japan’s Softbank Corp and Yahoo Inc to profit from getting in on the ground floor at the company. Yahoo sold some $8 billion worth of shares in the offering, leaving it with a 16.3 percent stake. Shares of Yahoo were hit on Friday, dropping 6 percent.
Softbank is not selling for now and will be left with a 32 percent stake, making it the largest single shareholder -Reuters