The ministers were discussing a deposit guarantee plan, an idea backed by the European Commission. It wants to propose steps toward a deposit insurance and reinsurance scheme in October, Commission Vice-President Valdis Dombrovskis said.
The deposit guarantee would be the third and final element of the EU’s banking union. However, Germany opposes the idea, fearing funds it has built up to protect its savers would be used to guarantee deposits in other, less prudent European countries.
In a paper prepared for the meeting in Luxembourg, Berlin said that before such a scheme could be introduced, the two existing elements of the banking union — a single supervisor for euro zone banks and a single resolution mechanism — should be fully implemented and tested.
Germany also proposed a scheme for sovereign debt restructuring and some changes to existing laws that would require a change in the EU treaty — a lengthy and risky process.
EU ministers seemed to have adopted the German approach, which could push the creation of the EU deposit guarantee well into the future.
“There is a readiness to go toward a deposit guarantee system that is more European, but this has to be seen in a sequence,” Pierre Gramegna, the finance minister of Luxembourg which holds the rotating EU presidency, told a news conference.
“It is all about when the risk-sharing is going to happen. When we see there is more responsibility … the time will be right to discuss an EU level deposit system,” he said. “The door is not closed, but it is a question of timing.”
The 19 countries sharing the euro have already agreed the first two pillars of the banking union. Those are a single bank supervisor and a Single Resolution Mechanism for winding up failed banks.
Costs are to be covered from a dedicated fund, the Single Resolution Fund. The fund is to become operational from January and will be financed from annual contributions from banks.
But it will only reach its target size of 55 billion euros after seven years. Most euro zone governments agree the fund should get a credit line from the euro zone bailout fund, the European Stability Mechanism (ESM), an idea Germany opposes.
Even with German consent, such a credit line would require a change of the ESM treaty, which now allows the ESM to lend only to governments, not to institutions.
Such a treaty change would be difficult by the end of the year, so ministers are considering using the ESM at a later stage. Before that, more money would be provided through national credit lines to national resolution-fund units that make up the bigger fund.