Health

All you need to know about Diabetes!

If not controlled at the right time and with the recommended measures, diabetes can lead to heart disease, stroke and blindness.

Diabetes is the condition of increased levels of blood sugar (glucose) levels. The pancreas in our body produce a certain type of hormone called insulin which distributes glucose to all parts of the body. Due to a lack of insulin, glucose level starts building up and causes complications if not treated properly. Let’s divulge into the different types of diabetes, some facts regarding diabetes and the cure for this disease.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is the diabetes in which a person’s pancreas can no longer produce the hormone insulin to carry glucose to different parts of his body. Hence, to curb diabetes type 1 you are entirely dependent on insulin and must have it at all costs.

Diabetes patients at times have to get themselves injected with insulin.

Type 2 diabetes

This type of diabetes refers to the condition when your pancreas do produce insulin in little amounts or when the insulin that you produce is not able to effectively carry glucose to all parts of the body. Through some healthy lifestyle and diet choices, diabetes can be curbed in this scenario. Some, not all people are required to take insulin to battle type 2 diabetes.

Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes is the condition of diabetes that women contract during pregnancy.

Prediabetes

This is basically a warning sign before diabetes. For instance, when your blood sugar level is more than the normal high yet not high enough to qualify as diabetes, it is known as prediabetes. Through exercise and dietary changes, prediabtetes can be stopped form developing into type 2 diabetes.

Important facts about diabetes

  • About 1 in 10 adults have diabetes in America.
  • 86 million adults in the U.S had prediabetes in 2012
  • Gestation diabetes happens in 2 to 10% of all diabetes.
  • Type 2 diabetes represents 90 to 95% of all diabetes cases.

Causes

Mostly, type 1 diabetes is contracted in childhood, only 5% of type 1 diabetes are developed during adulthood. For type 1 diabetes, no known cure has been discovered or the exact cause of such a disease been discovered. The risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases as you get older. A healthy diet, weight control, and regular exercise may help prevent it. Being overweight or having a family history of diabetes also can cause development of type 2 diabetes.

 

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