“We expect that a nondiscriminatory, criteria-based approach is followed for extending NSG membership which strengthens the nonproliferation regime,” said Ambassador Maleeha Lodhi, Pakistan’s permanent representative at the UN on Tuesday.
Speaking on the “nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction,” she said Pakistan had implemented an export control regime, participated in the Nuclear Security Summit system, ratified the 2005 amendment to the Convention on Physical Protection of Nuclear Material, declared unilateral moratorium on further nuclear testing and reiterated its willingness to translate it into a bilateral arrangement on non-testing with India, all of which established its eligibility to become a NSG member.
Ambassador Lodhi also said the international disarmament landscape presented a gloomy picture due to the lack of progress by states with nuclear weapons in fulfilling their disarmament obligations.
As disarmament and nonproliferation were linked, it was unrealistic to expect progress on one without movement on the other, she added.
A challenge to nonproliferation norms was the granting of discriminatory waivers, special arrangements, which denoted double standards and opened the possibility of diverting material intended for peaceful use to military purposes, Ambassador Lodhi told the 15-member Council.
The success of resolution 1540 (2004) – which affirms that the proliferation of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons and their means of delivery constitutes a threat to international peace and security – owed less to its Chapter VII (enforcement) provisions than to its cooperative approach to implementation.
Differences in State capacities, such as legal and regulatory gaps and the lack of effective export control mechanisms, compounded challenges to addressing the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, Ambassador Lodhi said.