Pakistan one of the world’s largest hosts for refugees: Oxfam
A research study conducted by Oxfam released on Monday stated Jordan, Turkey, Pakistan, Lebanon, South Africa including the held Palestine host more than 50 per cent of the world’s refugees and asylum seekers, despite the fact they account for fewer than two per cent of the world’s economy.
The six most richest countries in the world host less than nine per cent of refugees; however they make more than half of the world’s economy.
Surprisingly, underdeveloped countries are sharing most of the responsibility in this matter. This means a major gap between poorer and richest countries providing hosting refugees still exists, Oxfam’s analysis said.
The United States (US), China, Japan, Germany, France and the United Kingdom (UK) took 2.1 million refugees and asylum seekers during 2015 which makes only 8.88 per cent of the total in the world.
Recently, Germany has started hosting more refugees than the other richest nations.
Oxfam called on the world to host more refugees and to help the developing countries sheltering the major section of refugees.
Winnie Byanyima, Executive Director of Oxfam International said. “It is shameful so many governments are turning their backs on the suffering of millions of vulnerable people who have fled their homes and are often risking their lives to reach safety. Poorer countries are shouldering the duty of protecting refugees when it should be a shared responsibility, but many richer countries are doing next to nothing.”
“The richest countries need to be part of the solution and do their fair share by welcoming and protecting more refugees,” Byanyima said.
Amid conflict, persecution, violence and war, over 65 million people have fled their homes worldwide, which is the highest level since records began.
A third of these are refugees and asylum seekers, while the majority have been internally displaced, said Oxfam.
The conflict in Syria has triggered migration, but people are also fleeing violence in South Sudan, Burundi, Iraq and Yemen, and elsewhere.