In raids that included suicide bombings, Boko Haram, which is seeking to carve an Islamist emirate from northern Nigeria, repeatedly struck Diffa in southeastern Niger earlier this month, killing residents and forcing thousands to flee.
Organizers said up to 35,000 people took part in Tuesday’s demonstration, which saw Prime Minister Brigi Rafini and other government officials lead a march that ended in a mass rally in front of the parliament building.
“Boko Haram attacked us and you don’t attack Niger with impunity. Today’s support for the armed forces must be permanent,” President Mahamadou Issoufou told the crowds. “If Allah wills it, Niger will be Boko Haram’s tomb.”
Marchers chanted “All united against Boko Haram” and carried signs or wore t-shirts bearing slogans including “Our army, Our pride.”
Niger’s main opposition parties, which have organized street protests against Issoufou’s rule in the past, did not participate in the march.
Niger’s military killed 218 Boko Haram militants in operations around Diffa, according to army figures. More than 160 people suspected of links to the group have been arrested since Feb. 6, police said on Monday.
“Boko Haram are terrorists without faith or law who make no distinction between civilians and soldiers and rape women. These are not Muslims,” said Ali Oumarou, a student who participated in Tuesday’s march.
Amid growing international concern, Nigeria, Chad, Cameroon, Niger and Benin are preparing a 8,700-strong force to defeat Boko Haram.
Niger’s parliament unanimously approved sending troops across the border into northern Nigeria as part of the regional offensive.
Presidents from the 10-nation Economic Community of Central African States pledged on Monday to create an emergency fund of 50 billion CFA francs ($87 million) for military, medical and logistical support.
Boko Haram killed an estimated 10,000 people last year in Nigeria, where the insurgency was cited as the main reason for postponing a Feb. 14 election by six weeks.
However it has also expanded its zone of operations, launching regular raids and kidnapping civilians in northern Cameroon. Niger’s security forces believe Boko Haram cells based in Diffa were involved in the attacks there.