After a roller-coaster campaign that saw Trump defeat 16 rivals and steamroller stubborn party opposition, the tycoon said it was time to “go all the way” and beat Democrat Hillary Clinton in November.
“This is a movement,” he told the delegates via video link.
On the convention floor, states from Alabama to West Virginia took it in turns to pledge their delegates.It fell to Trump’s home state of New York, represented by a coterie of the candidate’s adult children, to hand him the majority-plus-one needed to clinch the nomination.
“It’s my honour to be able to throw Donald Trump over the top in the delegation count tonight,” Donald Trump Jr said to cheers and applause.
When the bombastic mogul came down the escalators of Trump Towers in New York 13 months ago to announce his candidacy, few experts gave him even the faintest chance.
His campaign has defied political norms – embracing racially inflammatory policies, offending key voting blocks, eschewing big-spending advertising campaigns and relying on saturated media coverage above campaign structure.
“It’s unbelievable. It’s surreal. I’m so proud of my father,” said Trump’s eldest daughter and businesswoman Ivanka Trump, often described as his secret weapon.
“He’s the ultimate outsider and he did it. We are so proud of him.”
Trump became the presumptive nominee nearly two months ago. But a relentless controversy over his campaign rhetoric and a simmering movement by anti-Trump delegates to deny him the nomination made it less than a foregone conclusion.
Several states refused to honour party convention and pledge their delegates to a frontrunner who was by then unopposed.
“I’m disappointed’ said Utah Senator Mike Lee. “But it is what it is.”
Washington delegate Teri Galvez said baldly: “We do not support Donald Trump.”
The main enemy
But as the last vestiges of Republican resistance were quashed, there fresh signs that the party establishment had thrown its lot in with Trump in a bid to beat Clinton.
New Jersey governor Chris Christie led delegates in declaring Clinton “guilty” and encouraged visceral chants of “lock her up.”The Speaker of the House of Representatives Paul Ryan declared “the Obama years are almost over. The Clinton years are way over. Two-thousand sixteen is the year America moves on.”
The Trump campaign will hope that disdain for Clinton will unite the party and make a series of missteps irrelevant.
“The party is unified, we’re all here, I will bet you, if you polled this place, there is not one vote for Hillary Clinton in this building,” key Trump lieutenant Corey Lewandowski told AFP.
“People are ready for a fundamental and unequivocal change in Washington and the person who is going to bring that is Donald Trump.”
Before Trump emerged victorious, it had been a brutal week for the candidate.
His glamorous wife Melania Trump brought some pizzazz to the proceedings on the opening night.
But an embarrassing plagiarism scandal tarnished her prime-time speech — and brought her husband’s presidential campaign under withering scrutiny.
Earlier delegates exchanged jeers and heckles as anti-Trump forces tried in vain to thwart his nomination.
Again on Tuesday it fell to Trump’s kin to reshape his public image.
Donald Trump Jr made a sweeping speech peppered with personal anecdotes that humanised his father.
The married father of five touched on themes of economic inequality, job creation, promised healthcare for “our most vulnerable citizens” and to improve public education.
Clinton wasted no time seeking to capitalise on Trump’s party victory.
“Donald Trump just became the Republican nominee. Chip in now to make sure he never steps foot in the Oval Office,” she said in a fundraising tweet.