Monday, October 18, 2021

Ebola virus likely to spread into Pakistan from South Africa

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KARACHI: The chances of transmission of life threatening Ebola virus from South Africa to Pakistan, have increased. 

As per reports, about 90 per cent of Ebola-affected patients lose the battle of life.

The virus is regarded as a symbol of terror worldwide, is now likely to make its way towards Pakistan as the thermo-scanners, fixed to detect Ebola virus, are out of order at the International Islamabad airport. The staff of health department also remains absent at the airport, as per sources.

It is mandatory for passengers coming from Africa to be screened through thermo-scanner. On the directions of World Health Organization (WHO) in 2014, a scanner was installed at the Islamabad airport, however, the administration started to overlook the matter and kept sending a positive report to the WHO.

Key fact about Ebola virus:

As per WHO,

  • Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever, is a severe, often fatal illness in humans.
  • The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission.
  • The average EVD case fatality rate is around 50%. Case fatality rates have varied from 25% to 90% in past outbreaks.
  • The first EVD outbreaks occurred in remote villages in Central Africa, near tropical rainforests. The 2014–2016 outbreak in West Africa involved major urban areas as well as rural ones.
  • Community engagement is key to successfully controlling outbreaks. Good outbreak control relies on applying a package of interventions, namely case management, infection prevention and control practices, surveillance and contact tracing, a good laboratory service, safe and dignified burials and social mobilisation.
  • Early supportive care with rehydration, symptomatic treatment improves survival. There is as yet no licensed treatment proven to neutralize the virus but a range of blood, immunological and drug therapies are under development.
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