The 10 famous Speeches in the history of Pakistan
Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah, “Broadcast Speech of 3rd June”
June 3, 1947; New Delhi, India
Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah, the founder and first President of Pakistan was not only a capable lawyer but is vastly remembered as a “visionary”. His most notable call to Muslims for migration into the new homeland of Pakistan was made on June 3, 1947 after the viceroy to India, Lord Mountbatten, finally agreed to transfer the power to Congress and Muslim League. Jinnah, addressed the people of the subcontinent, Hindus and Muslims alike, in his Broadcast Speech on 3rd June, 1947 from the All India Radio, New Delhi, giving his reactions to June-3 Plan.
“I am glad that I am afforded an opportunity to speak to you directly through this radio from Delhi. It is the first time, I believe, that a non-official has been afforded an opportunity to address the people through the medium of this powerful instrument direct to the people on political matter. It augurs well and I hope that in the future I shall have greater facilities to enable me to voice my views and opinions which will reach you directly.
The mandate of the people of the Frontier Province will be obtained as to whether they want to join Pakistan Constituent Assembly or the Hindustan Constituent Assembly. In these circumstances, I request the Provincial Muslim League of the Frontier Province to withdraw the movement of peaceful civil disobedience which they had perforce to resort to; and I call upon all the leaders of the Muslim League and Mussalmans generally to organize our people to face this referendum with hope and courage, and I feel confident that the people of the Frontier will give their verdict by a solid vote to join the Pakistan Constituent Assembly.
I cannot but express my appreciation of the sufferings and sacrifices made by all the classes of Mussalmans and particularly the great part the women of the Frontier played in the fight for our civil liberties. Without apportioning blame, and this is hardly the moment to do so, I deeply sympathize with all those who have suffered and those who died or whose properties were subjected to destruction and I fervently hope that Frontier will go through this referendum in a peaceful manner and it should be the anxiety of everyone to obtain a fair, free and true verdict of the people of the Frontier. Once more I most earnestly appeal to all to maintain peace and order.
Pakistan Zindabad !”
Quaid-e-Azam’s Broadcast Speech on 3rd June, 1947
Liaquat Ali Khan, “Pakistan: The aims of a new nation”
1950; Washington D.C, USA
Nawabzada Liaquat Ali Khan, the first Prime Minister of Pakistan was a born statesman. Born into a Punjabi Nawab family, Liaquat Ali Khan’s proximity with the British government made him aware of the challenges lying ahead for Muslims. British government’s growing favoritism towards Hindus and Christians lead him to join the efforts of Jinnah in the creation of a separate homeland for Muslims.
After becoming the first Prime Minister of Pakistan and being recognized by the United States of America, Liaquat Ali Khan made a tour to the USA. On his visit to the US Senate, Washington D.C, in the year 1950 he delivered one of the finest orations of his life, ‘Pakistan: The Aims of a new nation.’
“In welcoming me within these walls and giving me an opportunity of addressing this august assembly, you have bestowed upon me high prerogative and honour for which I am deeply grateful to you.
This is my first visit to your great land, but I have long been an admirer of the vigour of your enterprise, your indefatigable spirit of enquiry, your optimism, your high respect for individual effort, your belief in equal opportunities for all, your reverence for the sanctity of the home, the frankness of your speech and manner and the liveliness of your language. Above all, I have admired your zealous and un- compromising regard for the supremacy of the people’s will, your firm belief that civil liberty gives man the greatest scope for his faculties and your faith that “morality is the best security of law and the surest pledge of freedom/’ In seeing America, I hope to see more than America. I hope to see the men and women whose enterprise and vitality have made your country great and the faith that sustains them in their efforts.
I thank you for your welcome and value it the more, because the people whom I have the honour and privilege to represent, although the inheritors of ancient faiths and cultures, are, as a nation among sovereign nations, young and on the threshold of new experiences, both exciting and grave.
In the geography of the world, Pakistan’s name is not yet three years old. What led to the emergence of this new State on the map of Asia is perhaps not universally known. Nor do I expect it yet to be common knowledge what urges stir and inspire us in the task that we know lies ahead of us.”
Ayub Khan, “Pakistan is at War with India”
September 6, 1965; Islamabad Pakistan
Field Marshal Mohammad Ayub Khan was the 2nd president of Pakistan. He assumed power through the 1958 Pakistani coup becoming the country’s first Chief Martial Law Administrator. Khan had fought in the World War II as an officer in the British Indian Army and later joined the armed forces of the newly formed state of Pakistan upon independence in 1947.
The turning point in his decade long presidency was the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 which ended in a settlement reached at Tashkent, called the Tashkent Declaration. Before the war, Khan had addressed the 100 million citizens of East and West Pakistan in his presidential addressed broadcast on national radio on 6th September 1965 in which he declared war on India.
“My fellow countrymen, Assalam o alikum!
It is time for the 100million Pakistanis to be tested. Today, early in the morning, Indian forces attacked Pakistan at the Line of Control in Lahore and Indian Air Force has targeted a civilian car at Wazir Abad Station in its cowardly airstrike. Indian politicians from the very beginning have despised the existence of Pakistan and they never truly accepted the formation of an Independent Muslim state. That’s why they have been planning a war on Pakistan since the past 18 years.
The 100 million citizens of Pakistan whose hearts have been reciting the shahadah will not rest quietly until the canons of our enemies have been silenced forever. Indian politicians have failed to realize that they are messing with the wrong people. In our hearts we have a strong faith that we are on the side of truth and justice in this war.
We have announced a curfew today and the nation is on high alert. The war has begun! To destroy our enemies, our brave soldiers are on the march. Allah has bestowed the Pakistani army with an opportunity to display their talents and skills. My fellow countrymen, move forward and confront your enemies.
May Allah be with you and protect you from harm. Amen.
Long Live Pakistan!”
06 September 1965 Historical address by Ayub Khan to Pakistani Nation
Zulfikar Ali Butto, “Farewell Speech to the UN Security Council”
December 15, 1971; UN Security Council
Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was the first Prime Minister of Pakistan elected with popular vote. He founded the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) in 1967 and served as its chairman until his execution in 1979. Bhutto’s informal manner of public addresses during which he would be simply dressed in a safari suit with his sleeves rolled up were definitely one of the tactics which won the hearts of the people and earned him the title of Quaid-i-Awam (People’s Leader).
His fiery speech in the United Nations (UN) Security Council on 15 December 1971, is remembered as his ‘Farewell Speech to the UN Security Council’ in which he criticized the actions of the committee for neglecting the pleas of Pakistan in which they meant to clarify their position for the Fall of Dhaka and expected UN intervention for the reclaim of East Bengal.
“Yesterday my 11 years old son telephoned me from Karachi. And he said to me “do not come back” It is a document of surrender. We do not want to see you back in Pakistan If you come like that. I would not take threat and back a document of surrender from the Security Council. I will not be a party to a legalization of aggression. The Security Council has failed miserably, shamefully. For four days we have deliberated here. For four days the Security Council has procrastinated. Why??? Because, the object was for Dhaka to fall.
That was the quite clear to me for the beginning of it. So, what if Dhaka falls? So what if the whole of this Pakistan falls? So what that we obliterated?? We will build a new Pakistan. We will build a better Pakistan. We will build a greater Pakistan. So the Security Council has to short sighted (or may be short sighted) by acquiescing to these direct tactics. You know you have come to a point. Then you say you do what you like. Before you come to this point, we could have made a commitment. We could have said, Alright!! We have prepared. We do something. Now why should we??
You want to silence us by guns?? Silence our voice by arms?? So why should we say that we are agreeing to everything. Now you decide what you like. Your decision will not be binding on us. You can decide what you like. You can do, because! If you had left us a margin of hope, we might have been a party to settlement. I found it disgraceful to my person and to my country to give the idea of a moment longer than necessary. But I am not boycotting. Impose!!! Impose every decision. Have a treaty worse than the treaty of Versailles. Legalize aggression, Legalize Occupation, Legalize everything that has been illegal till 14th or 15th of December 1971. I will not be a party to it. We will fight. We will go back and fight. My country beckons for me. Why should I waste my time here in the Security Council? I will not be a part to the ignorance surrender party of my country. You can take your security council. Here you are…. I am going (Tearing Papers apart).”
Farewell Speech to the UN Security Council.
General Zia-ul-Haq, “Pakistan will be a Shuracracy”
August 15, 1983 ; Islamabad, Pakistan
Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq was the 6th President of Pakistan from 1978 until his death in 1988, having declared martial law for the third time in the country’s history in 1977. He was Pakistan’s longest-serving head of state, ruling eleven years. He is most noted for his efforts to make Pakistan an Islamic state and “Islamize” society, and in foreign policy, for his close relationship with the United States and support for the mujahideen against the Soviets in Afghanistan.
His last speech in the National Assembly, before his death in an air crash was delivered on ….. In his televised address he laid down the structure of an Islamic democracy which he termed as ‘shuracracy’ and requested his cabinet members to approve the establishment of ‘Qazi’ courts.
General Zia Ul Haq Last Speech before he was killed in air crash.
Benazir Bhutto, “Last Speech “
27 December, 2007; Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Benazir Bhutto was the first and only female Prime Minister of Pakistan till this date. She became the 11th Prime Minister of Pakistan on 2nd December 1988 and although her fluency in Urdu language was not up to the mark yet
the passion and charisma with which she addressed the audience, has earned her a place amongst one of the best female orators of the World.
Her last speech which she delivered on 27 December 2007, at Liaquat National Bagh (also the assassination spot for Liaqat Ali Khan) in Rawalpindi, minutes before she was shot dead, became an event of great significance as her words “Victory will soon bow before you” became a beacon of hope for the whole nation.
“My dear sisters and brethren, you are the real power; if Pakistan is a big country of the world and the world holds Pakistan in respect, it is because of our strong will and sacrifices. Your sister feels confident that the way you stood by the Quaid-i-Azam, the Quaid-i-Awam and the Pakistan People’s Party for the development and well being of Pakistan, you will lend your strength to the daughter of the Qaid-i-Awam to achieve the cherished goal of a glorious, strong and prosperous Pakistan where they live in peace and an environment of dignity and honour.
You have seen they (candidates) have made a commitment; they are your servants, not masters; they are not lotas (political turncoats). Go and spread my message that I have returned to serve masses and the country. The People’s Party candidates will serve the people. Now my brethren you also raise your hands and hold out a promise with me that you vote for your sister, the symbol of arrow, defeat political orphans.
What is Pindi’s symbol; what is workers symbol; what is labourer’s symbol; what is masses symbol; it is only and only arrow. Thank you very much.
Victory will soon bow before you.”
Benazir Bhutto’s Last Speech to the People of Pakistan
Pervez Musharraf, “Resignation Speech”
August 18, 2008; Islamabad, Pakistan
Pervez Musharraf is a Pakistani politician and a retired four-star rank army general who tenured as the 10th President of Pakistan from 2001 until tendering resignation to avoid impeachment in 2008.
After the 1990 military coup, Musharaff took over the office of the President of Pakistan while still playing the role of the Chief of the army staff. Although, most of his life, Musharaff has lived as a humble army official, his intellectual speeches delivered during his political career have caused a dynamic effect on the national and foreign policies of Pakistan.
When Musharraff resigned from his presidential office in 2008, he delivered his resignation speech on August 18, 2008 on Pakistan Television (PTV).
“When I assumed charge nine years ago the country was about to be branded a failed state and a terrorist state. I assumed charge with the aim of rescuing the country. In the last nine years I have tried my best to serve the country to the best of my ability… during confrontation with India, 9/11 and its aftermath and the devastating earthquake.
In all these crises we stood up and saved Pakistan from the crises. In handling the problems the sole aim was the well-being of the people and the safety and security of Pakistan.
Whether I’m impeached or not, the country’s stability will be compromised. The office of the president will also be insulted. Pakistan is my love; now and always, my life is for Pakistan. I have defended and will continue to defend Pakistan. I want to be able to bring Pakistan out of the current crisis so I think perhaps should do something. But I also do not want to do something that may generate uncertainty in the country. I also want to save the Parliament from horse-trading. Even if the impeachment is defeated, the relations between the President’s office and the coalition govt. will not heal. Institutions will be endangered. Therefore, with this situation in view and having consulted my legal and political advisers, I have decided to resign from my post.
I have decided to resign from the office of President and my resignation will be handed over to the Speaker of the National Assembly. I want the people to be the judges and let them decide my fate. I am a human being and may have committed follies.”
Muhammad Tahir ul Qadri, “Save State, not Politics.”
23rd Dec, 2012; Lahore, Pakistan
Muhammad Tahir ul Qadri is a Pakistani politician and Islamic scholar. He was a professor of International Constitutional law at the University of the Punjab. Qadri is also the founding chairman of Minhaj-ul-Quran International.
Qadri’s gentle manner and sophisticated use of Urdu Language has helped him assemble a large crowd of listeners who are left enchanted by his spell. His great command on tone and the emphasis on notable phrases make his message clear to the audience.
Addressing a big public gathering in the history of Pakistan at historic Minar-e-Pakistan on 23rd Dec 2012 under the slogan “Save State, not Politics”, he demanded that electoral system must be in accordance with the clauses of the Constitution by January 10, otherwise they would march towards Islamabad.
He said that he has no plan to support military takeover in Pakistan, adding that he will be the first one to oppose if such intervention was ever made. He said that he had not come to Pakistan on any national or international agenda. “I am not against democracy but announcing agenda against the current political system.”
Worthy Excerpt: (Translated in English)
“The brave people of Pakistan; all scholars, traders, landlords, farmers, laborers, teachers, students, doctors, engineers, professionals, intellectuals, political and social leader and workers, journalists, Muslims and members of other religions, all segments of society; the armed forces who are protecting our country from the mountains of Siachen to the depths of the skies; mothers, brothers, sisters, those who love this country. Today, by rejecting this exploitative, feudal, capitalist, oppressive, deceptive politics, and to save the country, all of you who are here today at Minar-e-Pakistan…
Those soldiers who are protecting the borders of this country; judges who provide justice to the country, lawyers, politicians, and members of political parties, and without any differentiation, Today the millions of Pakistanis who have accepted the agenda of saving the country, and have accepted my call and invitation and have come here, I greet all of you with Assalamu Alaikum. Seventy two years before, the declaration for the creation of Pakistan was passed at Minar-e-Pakistan, today the declaration for the completion of Pakistan will be passed.”
Imran Khan, “PTI dharna Convention”
January 18, 2015; Islamabad, Pakistan
Imran Khan, the founder of Pakistan Tehreek-e- Insaf is a former cricketer who led the victorious cricket team of Pakistan in the world cup of 1992. He joined his political career in 1998 and since then has received international recognition as the pioneer of change and builder of the Shaukat Khanum Memorial cancer hospital.
Although Khan has been criticized on several occasions for his lack of political insight, yet his sincerity and motivation for the greater good has earned him the support of Pakistan’s youth and prominent media personalities (both local and international).
Khan is best loved for his brief speeches which are delivered with passion. He avoids using political jargons and speaks in the everyday language of the common men. His speeches delivered during the civil disobedience and sit-in protests after the 2013’s general elections hold great significance in the history of Pakistan.
“127th day after the dharna, I did not know what to do in the evening. Faisal Javed felt the same too! A few guests came to my house, by mistake someone asked me a question. I gave him a 20 minute speech! I felt embarrassed later but I was so used to the ‘dharna’ speeches.
We were told in the beginning that we were running according to some script; even Einstein could not write such a script. The number of people who came out across Pakistan….this never happened in the history of Pakistan. I am here to thank you, especially the women. There were days when there were more women than men at the dharna. When a woman of a household is awakened, there is no turning back.
I thank our youth, our tiger force, ISF… And most of all I thank our most youthful member Roeded Khan, who stood with us through everything. The media is here; I am not saying this to appease you. I saw you people on the night of 31st August, the way you have done coverage amid the shelling, tear gas…I want to thank you all.
We thanked every community in Pakistan but I am extremely thankful to the journalist community. And we truly believe the working journalists must get their rights.”
“Imran Khan’s speech at Islamabad jalsa”
Sheikh Rashid, “Islamabad Convention”
30th November 2014, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Sheikh Rasheed Ahmad started his political career in 1985 and since then he has been elected in the national assembly 7 times. Rashid came in public prominence due to his ‘blunt’ style of politics. He remains a popular guest in current affairs shows and is adored in his hometown of Rawalpindi from where he has won all his elections. By his supporters he is called as Farzand-e-Rawalpindi (Son of Rawalpindi).