On 6th August 1945, a B-29 bomber aircraft of the United States dropped the first atomic bomb in history, codenamed “Little Boy”, on Japanese city Hiroshima at 08:00 a.m local time. In just mere moments, 80,000 people perished and 35,000 were injured. Further 85,000 people, suffering from terrible burns and radiation illness, were also dead by the end of 1945.
The second atomic bomb, named Fat Man, was dropped on Nagasaki just three days later on August 9th in which 35,000 to 80,000 people were killed.
Thousands of people in Japan lay floral wreaths in different memorial ceremonies held on the occasion and the use of atomic weapons was denounced on the day. The survivors of the atomic bombings are the centre of the attention.
It should be noted the atomic weapons have never been used in warfare after the Nagasaki and Hiroshima incidents. The actions of the United States have caused much debate whether it was justified to use it on humanitarian grounds.
As of today, eight countries in world have declared that they posses atomic weapons. These countries include United States, United Kingdom, China, France, Russia, Pakistan and India. It can be said that many other countries may have atomic weapons but have not admitted it.
United States, the country which used the A-Bombs for the first time in history, prohibit other countries to produce such weapons on humanity grounds. However, anti-US and conspiracy theorists said that the super power does not have the power to stop countries from producing or using atomic bombs as they used it in the first place without thinking of “humanity”.
The atomic energy itself has been a centre of controversy. Countries like Iran and North Korea have been accused by the West of making nuclear reactors for producing nukes.
The world has agreed that using nuclear weapons will cause nothing more than total devastation and the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is closely monitoring all the countries that have nuclear capabilities as well.