A philosopher, politician and Poet of the East Sir Muhammad Iqbal also known as Allama Iqbal’s 136th birth anniversary is being observed today.
Iqbal is also called Muffakir-e-Pakistan (The Thinker of Pakistan) and Hakeem-ul-Ummat (The Sage of the Ummah).
ہزاروں سال نرگس اپنی بے نوری پہ روتی ہے،
بڑی مشکل سے ہوتا ہے چمن میں دیدہ ور پیدا ۔۔
Allama iqbal was born on 9th November 1877 in Sialkot.
He passed his M.A in philosophy from Government College Lahore after which for higher education he went to London and from Lincoln’s Inn he did his law.
He also did his PHD in philosophy from Germany’s Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich.
Iqbal not only had command on Urdu literature but his writings and poetry can be found in English and Persian as well.
Iqbal wrote two books on the topic of The Development of Metaphysics in Persia and The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam and many letters in English language.
Among his 12,000 verses of poetry, about 7,000 verses are in Persian
Iqbal with his revolutionary poetry gave rebirth to the Muslims of the subcontinent. Iqbal gave the idea of independent nationality and a separate nation for the Muslims of the subcontinent.
At Allahabad being a president of All India Muslim League, Iqbal demanded a separate state for Muslims which later came into being as Pakistan. He was the father of “Two Nation Theory”.
In India he is also remembered as the author of the popular song Saare Jahaan Se Achcha.
The nation every year on 9th November gives a tribute to him on his efforts in the creation of Pakistan. This day is marked as Yom-E-Iqbal also known as Iqbal Day in the loving memory of Allama Iqbal.