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Facts about one of world’s earliest major cities, Mohenjo-Daro

Mohenjo-Daro was an accidental discovery by an Indian archeologist in 1920. Mohenjo-Daro literally means “Mound of the Dead Men” but it is just a term used to describe the 5000-year-old city. Its original name still remains unknown.

Bullock carts were mainly used as a mode of transport. Girls in Mohenjo-Daro are said to have worn bangles from their upper arm. While men during the dressed up wearing a toga kind of a thing.


With 1,500 sites of the Indus Valley Civilisation, no evidence could be found of weapons or arms showing how peaceful the place was. No evidence of a king, a queen or a ruler ruling the city has ever been found.


It was a well-planned built city with a proper waste disposal system. It is also fascinating that multistoried buildings were found at the site of Mohenjo-Daro. It exhibited the kind of infrastructure which would put our cities today to shame.


Mohenjo-Daro also housed a 8 feet deep, 23 feet wide made of bricks waterproof public bathing pool. There were small changing rooms and bathrooms surrounding the great structure.

It was probably a change in the direction of the Indus River which led to Mohen-jo-Daro being deserted. On the verge of corrosion, if not given critical attention, Mohenjo-Daro may be destroyed by 2030. Mohenjo-Daro is situated at the Larkana district in modern-day Sindh, Pakistan.



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