ہیں اور بھی دنیا میں سخنور بہت اچھے’
‘کہتے ہیں کہ غالب کا ہے اندازِبیاں اور
Mirza Asadullah Baig Khan (Galib) was born on December 27, 1797 in Agra, Mughal Empire. He was an eminent poet of his time, in fact the Urdu poetry is considered to be incomplete without his verses and narratives. Today it is the 216th birth anniversary of Mirza Asadullah Khan Ghalib.
Ghalib is not a poet of his time, indeed his readers have increased with the passage of time, and they consider him a poet of all times. His diction was composed of innovation and extempore and he was for sure the one, Urdu language can feel itself proud of whom.
Mirza with his writings granted a new life to Urdu poetry, his pseudonym (takhal'lus) were 'Asad' and 'Ghalib'.
Ghalib was only 5 years old when his father was killed in Alwar, he got his early education in Agra and married Umrao Begum, who was the daughter of Nawab Ilahi Baksh Khan Maroof. Later he moved to Delhi and remained there for rest of his life.
یہ نہ تھی ہماری قسمت کے وصالِ یار ہوتا’
‘اگر اور جیتے رہتے یہی انتظار ہوتا
Mirza was also a high esteemed writer and poet of Persian language. Though the co0llection of his Urdu gazals is brief, yet Urdu critics greatly regard it. Ghalib started saying gazals at an age of 11 years; however he was more focused towards Persian. He was always proud of his knowledge and command on Persian, but he was recognized by his Urdu poetry.
Mirza Asadullah Khan Ghalib was an immaculate observer of human nature and so he narrated it in his poetry. He had a special interest in spiritual issues.
During his lifetime, Ghalib also faced financial problems. During his stay in Delhi, he also fought a lawsuit regarding family pension, which he eventually lost. However he believed living on one's own so much, that he went to the Delhi College for the sake of job and waited outside that the Trustee of the College, James Thomson will come to welcome him, but no one came and Mirza had to return from there.
ہزاروں خواہشیں ایسی کہ ہر خواہش پہ دم نکلے’
‘بہت نکلے میرے ارماں، لیکن پھر بھی کم نکلے
He had to remain contended on a small sum he used to receive from Rampur after the war of independence in 1857. During his last days, Mirza's health deteriorated considerably and he died on February 15, 1869 due to a paralysis attack.
ہوئی مدت کے غالب مرگیا پر یاد آتا ہے’
‘وہ ہر ایک بات پہ کہنا کہ یوں ہوتا تو کیا ہوتا