KARACHI: A day when unanimous solution to problems faced by Muslims in sub-continent was presented in the shape of ‘Pakistan Resolution’ is being celebrated today (Sunday, March 23) with traditional fervor and jingoism. It was March 23, 1940 when a resolution seeking independent state of Pakistan was adopted.
It's a 74th Pakistan Day being marked today across the country. The day dawned with firing of 31 gun salute at sunrise in Islamabad and 21 gun salute at all the provincial capitals. Pakistan’s flag is to be hoisted on principal public and private buildings throughout the country, ARY News reported Sunday.
Special prayer ceremonies were held for development and prosperity of Pakistan. Different activities were arranged in capital city and all other province to mark the day.
The heroes of Pakistan were paid respect in events at President House and Prime Minister House.
To recall the history of Pakistan Day, it was from March 22 to March 24, 1940 when the All India Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park, Lahore.
On the first day of the session, Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah in an impromptu speech presented his own solution of the Muslim problem. He said that the problem of India was not of an inter-communal nature, but manifestly an international one and must be treated as such.
In the words of Quaid-i-Azam: “Hindus and the Muslims belong to two different religions, philosophies, social customs and literature. They neither inter-marry nor inter-dine and, indeed, they belong to two different civilizations that are based mainly on conflicting ideas and conceptions. Their concepts on life and of life are different. It is quite clear that Hindus and Muslims derive their inspiration from different sources of history. They have different epics, different heroes and different episodes…”
The resolution which was passed at the session reads: “No constitutional plan would be workable or acceptable to the Muslims unless geographical contiguous units are demarcated into regions which should be so constituted with such territorial readjustments as may be necessary. That the areas in which the Muslims are numerically in majority as in the North-Western and Eastern zones of India should be grouped to constitute independent states in which the constituent units shall be autonomous and sovereign”.
It further reads, “That adequate, effective and mandatory safeguards shall be specifically provided in the constitution for minorities in the units and in the regions for the protection of their religious, cultural, economic, political, administrative and other rights of the minorities, with their consultation. Arrangements thus should be made for the security of Muslims where they were in a minority”.
The Resolution turned down the concept of United India and recommended the creation of an independent Muslim state consisting of Punjab, N. W. F. P (now Khyber Pakhtonkhwa), Sindh and Balochistan in the northwest, and Bengal and Assam in the northeast.