The Muttahida Qaumi Movement (MQM), previously known as Muhajir Qaumi Movement, is a secular political party in Pakistan that was founded by Altaf Hussain in 1984. It was founded as a student organization, (APMSO), in 1978 by Altaf Hussain. APMSO gave birth to the Muhajir Qaumi Movement in 1984. In August 2016, after Altaf Hussain’s 22 August speech, there was military crack down on the party and Nine Zero was sealed then MQM and its leader Altaf Hussain decided to boycott elections in 2018. Muttahida Qaumi Movement-Pakistan is a Centre-Left political party in Pakistan. It was taken over by Farooq Sattar, who split it from the Muttahida Qaumi Movement’s founder and leader Altaf Hussain. MQM-Pakistan which is a separate party now would instead contest for elections using traditional MQM symbol kite. The average turnout of Karachi constituencies was 40.4% in 2018 elections comparing to 55 percent in 2013.