Robert Mugabe, in full Robert Gabriel Mugabe, (born February 21, 1924, Kutama, Southern Rhodesia [now Zimbabwe]—died September 6, 2019, Singapore), the first prime minister (1980–87) of the reconstituted state of Zimbabwe, formerly Rhodesia.
A black nationalist of Marxist persuasion, he eventually established one-party rule in his country, becoming executive president of Zimbabwe in 1987. He resigned on November 21, 2017, after succumbing to political and military pressure.
The son of a village carpenter, Mugabe was trained as a teacher in a Roman Catholic mission school.
He was introduced to nationalist politics while he was a student at the University College of Fort Hare, South Africa, and between 1956 and 1960 he taught in Ghana.