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Robert Mugabe

Robert Mugabe, in full Robert Gabriel Mugabe, (born February 21, 1924, Kutama, Southern Rhodesia [now Zimbabwe]—died September 6, 2019, Singapore), the first prime minister (1980–87) of the reconstituted state of Zimbabwe, formerly Rhodesia.

A black nationalist of Marxist persuasion, he eventually established one-party rule in his country, becoming executive president of Zimbabwe in 1987. He resigned on November 21, 2017, after succumbing to political and military pressure.

The son of a village carpenter, Mugabe was trained as a teacher in a Roman Catholic mission school.

He was introduced to nationalist politics while he was a student at the University College of Fort Hare, South Africa, and between 1956 and 1960 he taught in Ghana.

Robert Mugabe resigns as president of Zimbabwe

HARARE: Robert Mugabe resigned as president of Zimbabwe on Tuesday, swept from power as his 37-year reign of brutality and autocratic control crumbled within days of a military takeover. The bombshell news was delivered by the parliament speaker to a special joint session of the assembly which had convened to impeach Mugabe, 93, who has dominated every aspect of Zimbabwean public life since independence in 1980. It was greeted on the streets of the capital Harare with car horns and wild cheering. "I Robert Gabriel…

Zimbabwe parliament opens session to begin Mugabe’s impeachment

HARARE: Zimbabwe’s parliament opened a session on Tuesday to begin the process of impeaching President Robert Mugabe, which could lead to him being stripped of office, an AFP correspondent saw. Parliament speaker Jacob Mubenda gave permission for a joint session of the House of Assembly and the Senate to debate a motion that would trigger impeachment proceedings against Mugabe. "This motion is unprecedented in the history of post-independence Zimbabwe," Mubenda declared. Lawmakers from across the political spectrum…

Zimbabwe’s Mugabe has until noon to stand down or face impeachment

HARARE: Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe has until noon (5.00 a.m. EST) on Monday to stand down or the ruling ZANU-PF will begin impeachment proceedings after the 93-year-old leader defied expectations he would resign. Mugabe stunned Zimbabweans in a rambling late night Sunday television address by avoiding any mention of resignation, pledging instead to preside over a congress next month of ZANU-PF, which had sacked him as its leader only hours earlier. Parliament does not sit on Mondays so any impeachment would have…

Mugabe ousted as ruling party chief as end nears

HARARE: Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe was on Sunday facing the imminent end of his 37-year rule as the once-loyal ZANU-PF party sacked him as its leader and army generals piled pressure on him to resign. Mugabe's grip on power was broken last week when the military took over, angered at his wife Grace's emergence as the leading candidate to succeed the 93-year-old president. On Saturday, tens of thousands of overjoyed demonstrators flooded the streets of Zimbabwe in peaceful celebrations marking the apparent end of…

Mugabe’s ruling party to meet Sunday to discuss his exit

HARSRE: Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe's ruling ZANU-PF party will meet on Sunday to discuss removing him as president, a government MP and a party official told AFP. "There's a central committee meeting (on Sunday) to endorse the resolutions reached by the provinces," said the MP. The parliamentarian, who declined to be named, referred to the decision by eight of the party's ten regional committees on Friday to call for Mugabe to resign as president and party leader. "Yes we are meeting (Sunday) to endorse the…

Ecstatic Zimbabweans flood Harare to celebrate expected Mugabe downfall

HARARE: Tens of thousands of Zimbabweans flooded the streets of Harare on Saturday, singing, dancing and hugging soldiers in an extraordinary outpouring of elation at the expected fall of President Robert Mugabe, their leader of the last 37 years. Mugabe, the only ruler Zimbabwe has known since independence from Britain in 1980, has been holed up in his lavish ‘Blue Roof’ compound, from where he has watched support from his Zanu-PF party, the security services and the people evaporate in the wake of a military seizure of…

Mugabe makes defiant appearance after army takeover

HARARE: Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe attended a university graduation ceremony on Friday, making a defiant first public appearance since the military takeover that appeared to signal the end of his 37-year reign. Mugabe, 93, had been confined to house arrest after the military took over the country. But on Friday, he walked into the ceremony venue in Harare dressed in a blue academic gown and tasselled hat, before listening to speeches with his eyes closed and applauding occasionally, an AFP correspondent…

Fate of Zimbabwe’s Mugabe hangs in the balance amid coup confusion

HARARE: Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe’s fate hung in the balance on Friday as he apparently resisted efforts to make him step down following a seizure of power by the army, until this week a key pillar of his 37-year-rule. The military said on national television it was holding talks with Mugabe on the way forward and that it would advise the nation on their outcome as soon as possible. The United States, a longtime critic of Mugabe over allegations of human rights abuses and election rigging, is seeking “a new era”…

Zimbabwe’s Mugabe resisting army pressure to quit

HARARE: President Robert Mugabe is insisting he remains Zimbabwe’s only legitimate ruler and balking at mediation by a Catholic priest to allow the 93-year-old former guerrilla a graceful exit after a military coup, sources said on Thursday. A political source who spoke to senior allies holed up with Mugabe and his family in his lavish “Blue House” Harare compound said Mugabe had no plans to resign voluntarily ahead of elections scheduled next year. "It’s a sort of stand-off, a stalemate,” the source said. “They are…

Robert Mugabe: Liberation hero turned despot

Zimbabwe's veteran leader Robert Mugabe once quipped that he'd rule his country until he turned 100. But, aged 93, his grip on power seems to be ebbing as tensions erupt between his loyal ZANU-PF party and the military that has helped keep him in office. First heralded as a liberator who rid the former British colony Rhodesia of white minority rule, Robert Gabriel Mugabe was soon cast in the role of a despot who crushed political dissent and ruined the national economy. The former political prisoner turned guerrilla…