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Spinal injury

Smokers more likely to need spinal surgery: study

STOCKHOLM: Smoking increases the risk of lower back pain among compuslive smokers that needs to be fixed by spinal surgery, a Swedish study suggests. Researchers focused on a common cause of lower back pain known as lumbar spinal stenosis, which occurs when the spinal canal narrows, putting pressure on the spinal cord and nerves. The condition often develops as people age, but nicotine’s constriction of blood flow and promotion of inflammation are believed to contribute to the process, the study authors write. The…