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US military

The U.S. Army was created on June 3, 1784 by the Congress of the Confederation at the end of the Revolutionary War. “To fight and win America’s wars,” the Army exists to organize, equip, and train forces “for the conduct of prompt and sustained combat operations on land.”

Command over the U.S. Armed Forces is established in the Constitution. The sole power of command is vested in the president by Article II as commander-in-Chief. The Constitution presumes the existence of “executive Departments” headed by “principal officers”, whose appointment mechanism is provided for in the Appointments Clause. This allowance in the Constitution formed the basis for creation of the Department of Defense in 1947 by the National Security Act.

The DoD is headed by the secretary of defense, who is a civilian and member of the Cabinet. The defense secretary is second in the U.S. US military Forces chain of command, with the exception of the Coast Guard, which is under the secretary of homeland security, and is just below the president and serves as the principal assistant to the president in all defense-related matters.

Together, the president and the secretary of defense comprise the National Command Authority, which by law is the ultimate lawful source of military orders.

US military to ship Venezuela aid to Colombia

WASHINGTON: The US military will transport some 200 tons of humanitarian aid to Colombia to help relieve the crisis in neighboring Venezuela, a US defense official said Friday. Speaking on condition of anonymity ahead of a formal announcement, the official said the aid would be sent in the coming days, most likely aboard a C-17 transport plane. In a statement, the Pentagon said the US "remains deeply concerned about the crisis in Venezuela that has consequences for the entire region." Venezuela is plagued by…

Eyeing China, US to hold missile drill in Japan’s Okinawa: report

The US military will this year conduct its first ever missile drill around the Japanese island of Okinawa, according to a report Thursday, as Washington seeks to counter an increasingly assertive China. The US military has told its Japanese counterpart it plans to deploy surface-to-ship missiles in the strategically important Okinawa this year for the first such drill by Japan´s key ally, the Sankei Shimbun reported, without citing sources. The drill would involve a mobile rocket launcher seen as a counter-measure to…

Trump threatens to shoot migrants who throw stones at US military

WASHINGTON: President Donald Trump on Thursday warned that soldiers deployed to the Mexican border could shoot Central American migrants who throw stones at them while attempting to cross illegally. Trump told journalists at the White House that a group of several thousand migrants walking through Mexico towards the US border had thrown rocks "viciously and violently" at Mexican police. "We're not going to put up with that. They want to throw rocks at our military, our military fights back," he said. "I told them…

White House cannot shield information on transgender military ban: judge

A federal judge in Baltimore rejected the Trump administration’s request to shield information it employed when deciding to ban transgender people from the US military. The decision on Tuesday by US Magistrate Judge A. David Copperthite came in a lawsuit by the American Civil Liberties Union on behalf more than one dozen transgender people serving or who want to serve in the military. Copperthite declined to decide whether President Donald Trump deserved a protective order for his own communications, pending a ruling on…

US military targets Mulla Fazlullah in Afghanistan: reports

WASHINGTON: The US media reports citing military sources, claimed Thursday that in a drone attack in Afghanistan's Kunar province, Pakistani Taliban chief Mulla Fazlullah has been targeted. Pakistani Taliban chief Mulla Fazlullah is believed to be hiding in Afghainstan's Kunar province. "US forces conducted a counterterrorism strike, June 13, in Kunar province, close to the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan, which targeted a senior leader of a designated terrorist organization," Lieutenant Colonel Martin…