Forty-five years have passed since the Fall of Dhaka when the eastern wing of Pakistan separated after a war and became an independent state- Bangladesh as a result Indian conspiracy to disintegrate the Muslim country.
Hundreds of thousands people lost their lives and displaced due to the civil war which after Indian intervention turned into a war between Pakistan and India.
Neighboring India took advantage of the civil war in East Pakistan and extended its military support to the separatists which were fighting for an independent Bangladesh.
War broke out on 26 March 1971, when Pakistan Army initiated a military operation against the rebel Mukti Bahini fighting for separation of the eastern wing of the country from Pakistan.
India provided financial, military and diplomatic support to the separatist fighters. Later the neighboring country sent its troops invading East Pakistan and forcing Pakistan Army to surrender on 16th December 1971.
Fall of Dhaka is an important event in the country’s history of Pakistan. After separation of the eastern part of the country a commission headed by Justice Hamood-ur-Rehman was formed to look into the causes of the dismemberment of the country and submit a report to the government in this regard. The report even after 45 years, has not been made public as yet.
The Bangladesh government led by Sheikh Hasina Wajid, daughter of the country’s founding father Shaikh Mujeeb-ur-Rehman, has started war crimes cases against those who allegedly involved in war crimes and did not support the cause of an independent country at that time.
A number of top Islamist leaders of Bangladesh have been executed after the government made tribunals held them responsible for the war crimes during the independence war of Bangladesh.
This was the only conflict in which a surrender had taken place on such a large scale after the second world war.
Pakistan also lost the status of being the Muslim state with the largest population and area size after the incident.