India’s unemployment rate rose to 8.0% in November, highest in three months, from 7.77% in the previous month, data from the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE) showed on Thursday.
The urban unemployment rate rose to 8.96% in November from 7.21% in the previous month, while the rural unemployment rate slipped to 7.55% from 8.04%, the data showed.
The data from the Mumbai-based CMIE is closely watched by economists and policymakers as the government does not release its own monthly figures.
Factory activity hits 3-month high as inflation cools
India’s factory activity, however, expanded at its fastest pace in three months in November, a private survey showed on Thursday, signalling resilient demand despite deteriorating global economic conditions as input cost inflation fell to a two-year low.
Consumer inflation in South Asia’s largest economy eased significantly in October to 6.77% from September’s five-month high of 7.41%, indicating price rises may moderate and providing some succour to manufacturers.
The Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index (INPMI=ECI), compiled by S&P Global, rose to 55.7 last month compared with 55.3 in October, marking the seventeenth successive month of expansion in manufacturing production across India.
The reading was comfortably above a Reuters poll median forecast of 55.0 and the 50-level separating growth from contraction.
“India’s manufacturing sector continued to perform well in November, besides heightened recession fears elsewhere and a deteriorating outlook for the global economy,” said Pollyanna De Lima, economics associate director at S&P Global Market Intelligence.
“It was business as usual for goods producers, who lifted production volumes to the greatest extent in three months amid impressive evidence of demand resilience.”
Robust demand, particularly for consumer and intermediate goods, and marketing pushed the new orders sub-index to a three-month high.
International demand rose for an eighth consecutive month and at a similar pace to October.
Input prices rose at the slowest pace in 26 months providing some relief for manufacturers, and also benefiting end-consumers with selling prices increasing at the shallowest rate since February.
This led to an improvement in overall business confidence, with the future output sub-index at its highest since February 2015.
Reflecting the positive sentiment, employment rose at the quickest rate since January 2020 barring October.
The PMI data could harden expectations for the Reserve Bank of India to opt for a smaller hike at its meeting next week as the previous three consecutive 50 basis point increases start to impact the economy.
Economic growth in India slowed to 6.3% last quarter, much weaker than the 13.5% growth reported in the previous three months as distortions caused by COVID-19 lockdowns faded.